Legionella Testing & Analysis

About Legionella

Legionella is a bacterium that is naturally found in water, although it grows best in warm water. Some species have been known to cause diseases in humans, notably Legionnaires’ Disease and Pontiac Fever, though any disease caused by the bacterium is referred to as legionellosis. Transmission of Legionella is not passed from person to person; rather, it is contracted when the person inhales a droplet nuclei in mist or vapor containing the bacteria.

Reported cases of Legionnaires’ disease have steadily increased in the United States from 400 cases per year in the 1990’s to 4200 cases in 2011, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Scientists believe the actual number of cases is between 50,000 and 100,000, because many cases of unreported pneumonia are actually caused by the bacterium that causes Legionnaires disease. Most cases of illness are caused by Legionella pneumophila, Serogroup 1. Legionnaires’ disease is a type of pneumonia that affects the lungs and is often fatal. Individuals most likely to develop Legionnaires’ disease are those with compromised immune systems or lung problems, such as smokers, the elderly, the very young, and chemotherapy patients.

The Organism

Legionella are gram-negative rods and require selective media to grow. These are mesophilic bacteria (35-37°C). To date, there is 50 known species of Legionella and about 70 serogroups have been recognized to cause disease in humans. The most common species of Legionella that causes legionnaire’s disease is Legionella pneumophilaSerogroup 1.

Legionella Testing Information Legionella Chain of custody
NYS ELAP Water Chain of custody CDC Procedures for the Recovery of Legionella from the Environment
NY Water Sampling FAQ Sheet

Test Codes

1015 Water, Legionella Analysis, CDC Method (Includes Serogroup 1 and 2-15), 250 mL 10 days Click Here Click Here
1015.1 Water, Potable, Legionella Analysis, ISO 11731:1998, 1 Liter 10-12 days
1015.2 Water, Non-Potable, Legionella Analysis, ISO 11731:1998, 1 Liter 10-12 days
1015.3 Water, Non-Potable, Legionella analysis by filteration and Acid treatment 10-12 days Click Here Click Here
1015.4 Water, Legionella pneumophila Detection, Legiolert (Quanti-Tray) 10-12 days Click Here Click Here
1015.5 Water, Non-Potable, Legionella Analysis, ISO 11731:1998, 250 mL 10-12 days Click Here Click Here
1015.6 Water, Potable, Legionella Analysis, ISO 11731:1998, 250 mL 10-12 days Click Here Click Here
1015.6 Water, Legionella Analysis, CDC Method (Includes Serogroup 1 and 2-15),1 liter 10-12 days Click Here Click Here
1515 Water, Potable, 1 liter, CDC Method, Legionella pneumophila (Includes 1, 2-15) Serogrouping and non-pneumophila Speciation 10-12 days Click Here Click Here
1516 Water, Non-Potable, 1 liter, CDC Method, Legionella pneumophila (Includes 1, 2-15) Serogrouping and non-pneumophila Speciation 10-12 days Click Here Click Here

Reference

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